Ritual — The Significance of Numbers
Whilst the crescent moon and the star, the qubba and the minaret remain familiar and evocative symbols of Islam, numerology also plays a part in influencing the philosophy, beliefs and rituals associated with Islam.
Courage & Bravery — The Pursuit of Change
The white and blue are the colours of the sovereign, whilst yellow is the colour of royalty. Red signifies courage and bravery the attributes of leadership and concomitantly denotes the courage of Sultan Abu Bakar in pursuing Western innovations while respecting Malay traditions. The tigers represent majesty and courage, and Abu Bakar’s reminder to the future generation of the perils he faced when opening the jungles of Johor. The crossed sword and kris denote Sultan Abu Bakar’s astuteness and wisdom in administering Johor with a shrewd and deliberate adoption of Western innovations and Malay traditions respectively.